In April 2012, the production of natural rubber (NR) was recorded at 60,888 tonnes. Production fell by 6,488 tonnes (-9.6%) from March 2012 and 4,569 tonnes (-7.0%) from a year ago. A total of 95.1 per cent of the NR production was contributed by the smallholding sector whilst the balance was from the estate sector (4.9%). Kedah recorded the highest NR in estates (21.8%), followed by Negeri Sembilan (19.8%) and Johor (15.2%).
A total of 65,778 tonnes of NR were exported in April 2012, reduced by 4,159 tonnes (-5.9%) from the previous month. Exports also shows a decrease of 33,342 tonnes (-33.6%) when compared to April 2011. Standard Malaysian Rubber (S.M.R.) contributes 94.8 per cent from the total exports where 52.2 per cent comprised of S.M.R. 20.
The main destination for exports of NR were the People's Republic of China (40.2%), followed by Federal Republic of Germany (13.6%), Republic of Korea (4.5%), Brazil (3.9%), Portugal (3.4%), U.S.A. (2.9%), Netherlands (2.8%), Finland (2.3%) and United Kingdom (2.0%). The total exports to these countries accounted for 75.6 per cent of the overall NR exports.
In April 2012, total imports of NR was 61,245 tonnes. Month-on-month comparison shows a decrease in imports by 3,596 tonnes (-5.5%). Nevertheless, for year-on-year, imports increased by 15,066 tonnes (+32.6%). Almost half of the total imports comprised of latex concentrate (43.6%).
NR was imported mainly from Thailand (65.8%), followed by Viet Nam (8.3%), Philippines (5.4%) and Myanmar (3.5%).
4. DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION
The domestic consumption of NR for April 2012 was 35,979 tonnes, dropped 3,224 tonnes (-8.2%) from March 2012. However, when comparing to April 2011, domestic consumption of NR shows an increase of 3,799 tonnes (+11.8%).
The rubber gloves industry is the major NR consuming industry (67.4%), followed by rubber thread (8.4%) and tyre & tubes (7.3%). The total consumption for these three industries constituted 83.1 per cent of the overall domestic consumption of NR.
The level of stocks in April 2012 was recorded at 118,214 tonnes. The level of stocks decreased when compared to month-on-month and year-on-year that is 24,474 tonnes (-17.2%) and 8,085 tonnes (-6.4%) respectively.
6. AVERAGE MONTHLY PRICE PER KILOGRAM
(Noon Quotations - "F.O.B")
In April 2012, the overall average monthly price of NR showed a decrease. The average price of latex concentrate was recorded at 751.87 sen, dropped 31.04 sen (-4.0%) from the previous month whereas for year-on-year, the average price of latex concentrate reduced by 292.73 sen (-28.0%).
The average price of S.M.R. 20 that was recorded at 1,100.47 sen, also dropped 19.78 sen (-1.8%) and 389.91 sen (-26.2%) when compared to the previous month and year.
In April 2012, the total employment engaged in the rubber estates were 12,469 persons. From the total, 12,465 were paid employees with salaries & wages paid amounting to RM11.7 million. The number of paid employees dropped 0.7 per cent from the previous month but increased 14.4 per cent from the previous year.
In April 2012, the ratio of total NR production to total area tapped was 68.9 kilogram per hectare (kg/ha). This month's productivity of NR declined compared to the previous month and year at 16.1 per cent and 3.1 per cent respectively.
1. This report can be accessed through the website of the Department of Statistics, Malaysia (https://www.dosm.gov.my) under the section: Statistical Releases.
2. Data for April 2012 is provisional. The data will be updated based on the latest available figures and subsequently published in the May 2012 publication.