In December 2012, natural rubber (NR) production in Malaysia was recorded at 76,263 tonnes. This month's production increased by 1,039 tonnes (+1.4%) from November 2012 but dropped 3,463 tonnes (-4.3%) from December 2011. A total of 92.9 per cent of NR production was contributed by the smallholdings sector whilst 7.1 per cent from the estates sector. The highest producer of NR on estates was Kedah (25.7%), followed by Negeri Sembilan (18.9%) and Perak (18.3%).
Total exports of Malaysia's NR in December 2012 amounted to 74,749 tonnes. Comparison with the previous month shows that exports increased by 9,707 tonnes (+14.9%) but dropped 1,395 tonnes (-1.8%) when compared to a year ago. From the total NR exports, 91.2 per cent was contributed by the Standard Malaysian Rubber (S.M.R.) with 48.0 per cent comprised of S.M.R. 20.
NR were mainly exported to the People's Rep. of China (44.6%), followed by Federal Rep. of Germany (14.7%), Islamic Rep. Of Iran (5.7%), Brazil (3.7%), Rep. of Korea (3.3%), U.S.A. (2.9%), Portugal (2.4%) and United Kingdom (1.9%). The total exports to these countries represents more than half of the overall NR exports.
The total imports of NR in December 2012 amounted to 83,248 tonnes. Imports decreased by 9,113 tonnes (-9.9%) from November 2012 but increased by 20,330 tonnes (+32.3%) from December 2011. Standard Rubber and Latex Concentrate were the main type of NR imported, at 37.7 per cent and 30.7 per cent respectively.
The main supplier of NR were Thailand (50.7%) and Viet Nam (24.5%). These two countries accounted for 75.2 per cent of the total imports of NR.
4. DOMESTIC CONSUMPTION
Domestic consumption of NR which was recorded at 37,866 tonnes in December 2012 shows an increase of 254 tonnes (+0.7%) from a month ago and 3,963 tonnes (+11.7%) from a year ago.
The highest consuming industry of NR was the rubber gloves industry with a total of 26,303 tonnes (69.5%), followed by rubber thread (9.1%) and tyre & tubes (6.2%). These three industries consumed more than half of the overall domestic consumption in the country with a total of 32,107 tonnes (84.8%).
6. AVERAGE MONTHLY PRICE PER KILOGRAM
(Noon Quotations - F.O.B)
In December 2012, the average monthly price of latex concentrate was recorded at 576.98 sen per kilogramme, increased by 16.03 sen (+2.9%) from November 2012. Nevertheless, the price of latex concentrate was 91.28 sen (-13.7%) lower from December 2011.
The average monthly price of G.M.M. 20 was recorded at 867.73 sen per kilogramme, increased by 27.38 sen (+3.3%) when compared to month-on-month but decreased 168.48 sen (-16.3%) when compared to a year ago.
At the end of December 2012, a total of 12,483 persons were engaged in the rubber estates where 12,480 persons were paid employees with salaries & wages paid amounting to RM18.9 million. The number of paid employees reduced by 0.4 per cent from November 2012 but increased by 14.7 per cent from December 2011.
The productivity of NR production on estates was recorded at 130.9 kilogramme per hectare in December 2012. Production shows an increase when compared to month-on-month and year-on-year at 27.9 kilogramme per hectare (+27.1%) and 1.3 kilogramme per hectare (+1.0%) respectively.
1. This report can be accessed through the website of the Department of Statistics, Malaysia (http://www.dosm.gov.my) under the section: Statistical Releases.
2. Data for December 2012 is provisional. The data will be updated based on the latest available figures and subsequently published in the January 2013 publication.