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Median monthly salaries & wages in 2020 decrease 15.6 per cent to RM2,062
Labour force in Malaysia increased 0.6% to 15.7 million persons in 2020
Female LFPR recorded at 55.3 per cent in 2020

Labour Market Review, Second Quarter 2022

Release Date : Friday 19, August 2022 1200



The Labour Market Review (LMR) is a quarterly release by Malaysian Bureau of Labour Statistics (MBLS), Department of Statistics, Malaysia (DOSM) that brings official statistics to life through reviews and features which highlighted the most recent trends in labour market. The quarterly statistics is consolidated in a narrative to provide readers with a comprehensive view on Malaysia’s labour market.

Key Reviews

  • Malaysia’s labour market continued to improve in Q2 2022, spurred by the transition to endemic phase. Higher number of demand for labour attributed to increase in employment and reduction of unemployment. In Q2 2022, labour force continued to indicate a positive momentum with an increase of 2.3 per cent year-on year to 16.34 million persons. Hence, Labour Force Participation Rate (LFPR) rose 0.9 percentage points to 69.2 per cent, recording a higher rate than 69.1 per cent prior to the pandemic (Q4 2019). The number of employed persons rose by 3.2 per cent to record 15.70 million persons while employment-to-population ratio continued to trend up to 66.5 per cent. In the meantime, the number of unemployed persons declined by 123.0 thousand to 642.0 thousand persons, registering an unemployment rate of 3.9 per cent which was the lowest rate recorded since the pandemic.
  • Concomitant to the country’s shift to the endemic phase, businesses had resumed in full swing at the normal pre-pandemic hours throughout Q2 2022. This was reflected in the labour market as the number of people working less than 30 hours per week registered a new low since the public health crisis in 2020, after a decline of 31.6 per cent from Q2 2021 to 324.5 thousand persons. Accordingly, the rate of time-related underemployment declined 0.8 percentage points to 1.4 per cent. Meanwhile, skill-related underemployment which comprised more than one-third of  tertiary educated employed persons decreased by 1.0 percentage point to 36.7 per cent in Q2 2022.
  • In terms of demand in the economic sector, the number of jobs continued to trend up by registering a year-on-year growth of 3.2 per cent to record a total of 8.62 million jobs. Filled jobs which comprised of 97.8 per cent, elevated by 3.1 per cent over the same quarter of the preceding year to record 8.43 million. Meanwhile, jobs opening in the economy which was indicated by the number of vacancies expanded at a faster pace by 7.5 per cent to 191.3 thousand vacancies during the same period.
  • As Malaysia’s economy registered a stronger growth of 8.9 per cent in Q2 2022 while employment continued its positive growth, labour productivity as measured by value added per employment posted an increase of 5.5 per cent registering the level of RM23,322 per person. During the same period, total hours worked surged 7.5 per cent to 8.94 billion hours with removal of most of the social and economic restrictions following the country’s shift into the transition to endemic phase. Thus, labour productivity per hour worked grew 1.3 per cent to bring the level of productivity at RM41.0 per hour.
  • Entering the third quarter of 2022, it was observed that things had pretty much returned to normal as people adopts to living with COVID-19. The long weekends in conjunction of Aidiladha celebration, students’ registration for foundations and matriculation programmes, as well as the celebration of National Day and Malaysia Day are among the highlights during the quarter. All of these are anticipated to foster a favourable economic situation in Q3 2022, and subsequently may increase the labour demand by industries. Thus, the labour market momentum is foreseen to retain a positive outlook in the upcoming months as the country continues to recover from the pandemic.

The full publication of Labour Market Review Second Quarter of 2022 can be downloaded through eStatistik Portal.

Released by:


19 August 2022


Contact person:

Mohd Yusrizal Ab Razak 
Public Relation Officer
Strategic Communication and International Division
Department of Statistics, Malaysia
Tel : +603-8885 7942
Fax : +603-8888 9248
Email : yusrizal.razak@dosm.gov.my



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