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Monday, 17 June 2019|

Labour Productivity of First Quarter 2019

Release Date : Friday 24, May 2019 1200

In the first quarter of 2019, Malaysia’s labour productivity, as measured by value added per hour worked, rose 2.4 per cent after registering 3.0 per cent in the preceding quarter. During this quarter, Malaysia’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) grew 4.5 per cent (Q4 2018: 4.7%) while hours worked increased 2.0 per cent against 1.7 per cent in Q4 2018. Labour productivity expressed as the ratio of value added to employment recorded a growth of 2.2 per cent (Q4 2018: 2.3%) as employment increased 2.2 per cent (Q4 2018: 2.4%).

Labour  productivity  by  hours  worked  for  Agriculture  sector  rebounded  to  3.0  per cent  from  a  negative  growth  of  0.7  per cent  in  the  previous  quarter. The growth was mainly supported by the better performance of Crops & Livestock and Forestry & Logging. The value added of this sector turned around markedly to rise by 5.6 per cent (Q4 2018: -0.1%) while hours worked expanded 2.5 per cent (Q4 2018: 0.6%). Meanwhile, labour productivity by employment grew 3.4 per cent against negative 0.3 per cent in the preceding quarter as employment grew 2.2 per cent (Q4 2018: 0.2%).

The  growth  of  labour  productivity  by  hours  worked  in  the  Mining  and  Quarrying  sector  improved  by  registering  a  marginal  declined  of  0.8  per cent against negative 1.6 per cent in the preceding quarter. The value added of this sector continued to record a negative growth for six consecutive quarters by recording a negative growth of 2.1 per cent (Q4 2018: -0.7%) while hours worked contracted 1.3 per cent (Q4 2018: 0.9%). In the meantime, labour productivity by employment posted a growth of 2.6 per cent (Q4 2018: 2.7%) as employment decreased further to 4.6 per cent (Q4 2018: -3.3%) in this quarter.

Labour productivity by hours worked of Manufacturing sector increased 3.4 per cent as compared to 3.0 per cent in the previous quarter. In terms of value added, this sector posted a growth of 4.2 per cent (Q4 2018: 4.7%) while hours worked moderated to 0.7 per cent (Q4 2018: 1.7%). The highest growth of labour productivity was registered by Wood Products, Furniture, Paper Products & Printing at 9.9 per cent (Q4 2018: 5.8%). This was followed by Transport Equipment, Other Manufacturing & Repair at 6.7 per cent (Q4 2018: 6.7%) and Petroleum, Chemical, Rubber & Plastic Products (Q1 2019: 5.6%; Q4 2018: 3.8%). When measured by value added per employment, labour productivity posted a growth of 2.0 per cent (Q4 2018: 2.5%) as employment in this sector sustained at 2.1 per cent.

Construction sector recorded a growth of labour productivity by hours worked of 4.5 per cent as compared to 5.6 per cent in the preceding quarter. During this quarter, value added eased to 0.3 per cent (Q4 2018: 2.6%) while hours worked decreased 4.1 per cent (Q4 2018: -2.9%). Meanwhile, labour productivity by employment moderated to 4.5 per cent (Q4 2018: 5.3%) as employment declined 4.0 per cent (Q4 2018: -2.6%).

The growth of labour productivity by hours worked in the Services sector rose 2.9 per cent against 4.0 per cent in the previous quarter. The value added of this sector registered a growth of 6.4 per cent (Q4 2018: 6.9%) while hours worked increased 3.4 per cent (Q4 2018: 2.8%). The highest growth of labour productivity was registered by Wholesale & Retail Trade at 5.7 per cent (Q4 2018: 6.0%) and followed by Real Estate & Business Services (Q1 2019: 5.3%; Q4 2018: 7.7%). Despite the moderation in labour productivity momentum of this sector, three sub-sectors posted better performance in this quarter as compared to preceding quarter namely Transportation & Storage (Q1 2019: 4.9%; Q4 2018: 3.1%), Information & Communication (Q1 2019: 3.6%; Q4 2018: 2.5%) and Utilities (Q1 2019: 3.3%; Q4 2018: 2.8%). Labour productivity expressed as the ratio of value added per employment sustained at 2.9 per cent as employment grew 3.4 per cent against 3.9 per cent in the previous quarter.

 

 

Released By:

DATO' SRI DR. MOHD UZIR MAHIDIN
CHIEF STATISTICIAN MALAYSIA
DEPARTMENT OF STATISTICS, MALAYSIA
 DrUzir_Mahidin    Dr_Uzir

24 May 2019

 

Contact person:


Public Relation Officer
Strategic Communication and International Division
Department of Statistics, Malaysia
Tel : +603-8885 7187/7942
Fax : +603-8888 9248
Email : jpbkkp[at]dosm.gov.my

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