Children statistics, Malaysia, 2017 presents selected child1 statistics as the basis to measure the quality of life and well-being of children at the national and state levels. The compilation of statistics in this publication consists of four main fields, namely population, health, education and child protection. The statistics were obtained from secondary sources which involved various government agencies.
In 2017, the composition of children under 18 years is 29.4 per cent, that is 9.4 million children out of 32.0 million population. In terms of sex, the number of male children (4.9 million persons) is more than females (4.6 million persons).
Meanwhile, the composition of children under-5 years is 8.2 per cent of the total population in Malaysia. The number of male children (1.4 million persons) is more than females (1.3 million persons).
Table 1: Population by age group and sex, Malaysia, 2016 and 2017e
1 Under Child Act 2001, a child refers to a person under the age of eighteen years old.
In 2017, W.P. Putrajaya recorded the highest percentage of children under 18 years that is 42.6 per cent. This is followed by Kelantan (36.7%) and Terengganu (36.5%). Meanwhile, Pulau Pinang recorded the lowest percentage of children under 18 years that is 24.1 per cent.
Chart 1: Children (under 18 years) by state, Malaysia, 2017e
In 2016, pupils in pre-school recorded an increase of 2,171 persons from 198,574 persons (2015) to 200,745 persons (2016). On the contrary, primary and lower secondary levels decreased by 239 persons and 42,235 persons respectively. Among the upper secondary pupils, the number went up by 19,103 persons from 781,472 persons (2015) to 800,575 persons (2016).
Chart 2: Pupils in government and government-aided school by level of education, Malaysia, 2015 and 2016
The number of pupils in private kindergarten, private primary school and private secondary school increased in 2016 to 332,641, 36,899 and 109,865 persons respectively.
Chart 3: Pupils in private school by level of education, Malaysia, 2015 and 2016
THE OFFICE OF CHIEF STATISTICIAN MALAYSIA
DEPARTMENT OF STATISTICS, MALAYSIA
15 November 2017
Ho Mei Kei
Public Relation Officer
Corporate and User Services Division
Department of Statistics, Malaysia
Tel : +603-8885 7942
Fax : +603-8888 9248
Email : mkho[at]stats.gov.my