Self-sufficiency ratio (SSR) in 2019 showed 24 of the 42 selected agricultural commodities more than 100 per cent
The compilation of SUA includes three categories, namely crops (fruits, vegetables and other crops), livestock and fisheries. In 2019, a total of 42 agricultural commodities was covered and 24 of them recorded self-sufficiency ratio (SSR) more than 100 per cent.
Supply of eleven fruits in 2019 was sufficient to fulfil the local demands with SSR of more than 100 per cent. Watermelon recorded the highest SSR (161.3%) followed by papaya (153.1%) and starfruit (132.8%). Per capita consumption (PCC) of coconut was the highest with consumption of 22.7 kilogrammes per year followed by durian (10.7 kg / year) and banana (9.5 kg / year). The highest import dependency ratio (IDR) was recorded by mango with 73.5 per cent.
Seven types of selected vegetables have an adequate supply for domestic needs namely tomato (131.2%), brinjal (119.3%), spinach (112.6%), lettuce (112.5%), cucumber (110.8%), long beans (107.0%) and lady’s finger (104.4%). Round cabbage recorded the highest PCC as compared to other vegetables with consumption of 5.3 kilogrammes per year followed by mustard (4.4 kg / year) and tomato (3.6 kg / year). Chilli recorded the highest IDR with 73.6 per cent.
Two out of five other selected crops, namely sugarcane (207.2%) and cassava (100.1%) showed sufficient supply to meet domestic demand.
Supply of chicken / duck egg was sufficient to meet the local demands as compared to other livestock in 2019 with SSR of 113.6 per cent. Meanwhile, the demand on poultry also high with consumption of 50.9 kilogrammes per year followed by chicken / duck egg (21.3 kg / year) and pork (18.2 kg / year). IDR mutton was the highest with 87.9 per cent.
Production of cuttlefish, shrimp and tuna was sufficient in 2019 with SSR of 109.2 per cent, 102.9 per cent and 101.3 per cent respectively. Mackerel recorded the highest PCC as compared to other fisheries at 5.7 kilogrammes per year followed by shrimp (4.1 kg / year) and tuna (2.7 kg / year).
DATO' SRI DR. MOHD UZIR MAHIDIN
CHIEF STATISTICIAN MALAYSIA
DEPARTMENT OF STATISTICS, MALAYSIA
18 August 2020
Mohd Yusrizal Ab Razak
Public Relation Officer
Strategic Communication and International Division
Department of Statistics, Malaysia
Tel : +603-8885 7942
Fax : +603-8888 9248
Email : yusrizal.razak[at]dosm.gov.my