POPULATION SIZE AND GROWTH
Citizens growth rate remained stable at 1.1 per cent
Malaysia's population in 2020 is estimated at 32.7 million as compared to 32.5 million in 2019 with an annual growth rate of 0.4 per cent. The decline of population growth rate is attributed to the decrease in the number of Non-citizens from 3.1 million (2019) to 3.0 million (2020).
This is in line with the closure of our national borders and the return of foreigners to their respective countries during the Movement Control Order following the spread of the COVID-19 pandemic worldwide. The growth rate of Citizens remained stable at 1.1 per cent with the population increasing from 29.4 million in 2019 to 29.7 million in 2020.
POPULATION BY SEX
Males outnumbered females
Overall, there were more males than females. In 2020, male population outnumbered the female with 16.8 million (males) and 15.9 million (females).
Males outnumbered females in both young aged (0-14 years) and working-age (15-64 years) groups. Meanwhile, the females dominate the old-age group (65 years and over) with 1.2 million compared to males follows closely at only 1.1 million in 2020.
Males dominate females in 6th consecutive years (2015-2020)
The sex ratio for as a whole nation remained at 106 males per 100 females. The sex ratio of citizens is slightly decreased from for a five-year period with only 103 (males) : 100 (females) between 2010 till 2014 and 102 (males) : 100 (females) for a period from 2015-2020. In the case of Non-citizens, the sex ratio is quite higher than citizens with 156 males per 100 females in 2020 (refer table 1.1).
Older age population in Malaysia increase each year – leading to an ageing nation
The percentage of population aged 0-14 years (young age) decreased to 23.3 per cent compared with 23.5 per cent in 2019. While the overall percentage of 15-64 years (working age) also decreased from 69.8 per cent in 2019 to 69.7 per cent in 2020. This is due to the reduction in the Non-citizens population, which mostly comprised of foreign workers. The percentage of population aged 65 years and over (old age) increased from 6.7 per cent to 7.0 per cent over the same period.
MAJOR ETHNIC GROUP COMPOSITION
Ethnic Indians and Chinese composition is declining
Out of the 29.7 million Citizens, the composition of Bumiputera rose 0.3 percentage points to record 69.6 per cent in 2020 when compared to 69.3 per cent in 2019. However, Chinese and Indians population declined to 22.6 per cent (2019: 22.8%) and 6.9 per cent (2019: 6.8%) while others remained at 1.0 per cent.
DATO' SRI DR. MOHD UZIR MAHIDIN
CHIEF STATISTICIAN MALAYSIA
DEPARTMENT OF STATISTICS, MALAYSIA
15 July 2020
Mohd Yusrizal Ab Razak
Public Relation Officer
Strategic Communication and International Division
Department of Statistics, Malaysia
Tel : +603-8885 7942
Fax : +603-8888 9248
Email : yusrizal.razak[at]dosm.gov.my