↑ Top
DOSM Community
Respondent
Public
Thursday, 13 December 2018|
Median monthly salaries & wages of employees in 2017 rose 7.7 per cent to RM2,160
2016, number of teachers in Government & Government-aided Schools: 422,369
Labour force in Malaysia increased 2.0% to nearly 15.0 million persons in 2017
Female LFPR rose 0.4 percentage points to 54.7 per cent in 2017

Monthly Principal Statistics Of Labour Force, Malaysia, October 2015

Release Date : Wednesday 23, December 2015 1200

Labour Market in Malaysia, October 2015

Series 77 Vol.12/2015
 December 2015

Indicator
  Previous Month   Same month
of the previous year
 
October
2015
September
2015
Change
%
  October
2014
Change
(%)
Labour force (‘000)
14,354.3 14,341.6 0.1   14,080.9 1.9
Employed (‘000)
13,903.5 13,881.0 0.2   13,702.6 1.5
Unemployed (‘000)
450.8 460.6 -2.1   378.2 19.2
Outside labour force (‘000)
6,782.6 6,785.1 0.0   6,825.0 -0.6
Labour force participation rate (LFPR) (%)
67.9 67.9 -   67.4 0.5
Unemployment rate (%)
3.1 3.2 -0.1   2.7 0.4
Seasonally adjusted            
Unemployment rate (%)
3.1 3.2 -0.1   2.7 0.4


 

Labour force participation rate was 67.9%

Labour force participation rate for October 2015 was 67.9 per cent, similar to the previous month.

Year-on-year comparison showed that the labour force participation rate was higher by 0.5 percentage points compared with 67.4 per cent in October 2014.

 

   


 

Unemployment rate at 3.1%

The unemployment rate in October 2015 was 3.1 per cent, decreased 0.1 percentage points compared to the previous month.Year-on-year comparison showed that the unemployment rate for the current month rose by 0.4 percentage points.

The seasonally adjusted unemployment rate was 3.1 per cent, down by 0.1 percentage points compared to the previous month.

 

 

 

 

TECHNICAL NOTES
 

This information derived from the Labour Force Survey (LFS) which was conducted to collect information on the structure and distribution of labour force, employment and unemployment.
 
Concepts and definitions used in LFS are based from the standard guidelines of International Labour Organizations (ILO) through “Manual on Concepts and Methods: Surveys of Economically Active Population, Employment, Unemployment and Underemployment” which is also used by other country.
 
LFS covers both urban and rural areas of all states in Malaysia through personal interview method.

The survey population is defined to cover persons who live in private living quarters and hence excludes persons residing in institutions such as hotels, hostels, hospitals, prisons, boarding houses and construction work site.

The survey comprises of the economically active and inactive population. To measure the economically active population, the LFS uses the age limit of 15 to 64 years. The economically active population comprises of those employed and unemployed whereas those who are inactive is classified as outside the labour force.

LFS uses the actual status approach, where a person is classified on the basis of his labour force activity during the reference week.

  • Labour force refers to those who, during the reference week are in the 15 to 64 years (in completed years at last birthday) and who are either employed or unemployed.
  • Employed refers to all persons who, at any time during the reference week worked at least one hour for pay, profit or family gain (as an employer, employee, own-account worker or unpaid family worker). Also considered as employed are persons who did not work during the reference week because of illness, injury, bad weather, leave, labour dispute and social or religious reasons but had a job, farm, enterprise or other family enterprise to return to. Also included are those on temporary lay-off with pay who would definitely be called back to work.

Unemployed refers to those who do not have a job but are interested to work. There are two groups of unemployed that is the actively unemployed and inactively unemployed.

  • The economic activity of a population depends on the demographic characteristics of that population. The proportion of economically active population, therefore, differs between sub-groups of that population. These variations are measured by specific activity rates termed as labour force participation rate. Labour force participation rate is defined as the ratio of the labour force to the working age population (15 to 64 years), expressed as percentage.
  • Unemployment rate is the proportion of unemployed population to the total population in labour force. This rate measures the percentage of unemployed population in the labour force.


Seasonally adjusted
 
Malaysian economic time series data are affected by major religious festivals such as the Eid-ul Fitr, the Chinese New Year and the Deepavali. The major festivals in this country are usually related to the religious activities and such as, the dates are determined by the respective religious calendar. The dates of these holidays are not in line with the Gregorian calendar. Hence, they tend to move along the Gregorian calendar and has strong seasonal influence on many economic time series data.
 
Since these non-fixed holidays have large impact on the time series data, they need to be taken into account when performing seasonal adjustment process so as to avoid confusion in seasonally adjusted data and trend estimates. Furthermore, the presence of the non-fixed holidays effects may complicate the interpretation of the data.
 
Seasonal adjustment is a process of removing the estimated effects of normal seasonal variation from the original series so that the effects of other influences on the series may be more clearly recognized.
 
Seasonal adjustment can be derived by various methods and the results may vary according to the procedure adopted. The approach used for seasonal adjustment in Malaysia is the Seasonal Adjustment for Malaysia (SEAM).
 
SEAM is a procedure to remove moving holiday effect on the selected Malaysian economic time series data by introducing steps that can be used to overcome the limitations of the existing seasonal adjustment procedure. To apply the SEAM procedure, the X-ARIMA program in Statistical Analysis Software (SAS) is used.
 
This seasonal adjusted rate will be revised when a complete 12 months time series for the particular year are obtained.
 
Release in PDF


 

 

Released By:

THE OFFICE OF CHIEF STATISTICIAN MALAYSIA
DEPARTMENT OF STATISTICS, MALAYSIA
23 December 2015

Contact person:

Ho Mei Kei
Public Relation Officer
Corporate and User Services Division
Department of Statistics, Malaysia
Tel : +603-8885 7942
Fax : +603-8888 9248
Email : [email protected]