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Manufacturing sector is the major component covered in the PPI
The Producer Price Index in 2020 decreased 2.7%
Consumer Price Index fell 1.2% in 2020
Almost 1/3 of CPI weight contributed by Food & Non-Alcoholic Beverages

Consumer Price Index Malaysia January 2023

Release Date : Friday 24, February 2023 1200



Malaysia’s inflation in January 2023 eased to 3.7 per cent as compared to 3.8 per cent in December 2022 with the index recording 129.5 as against 124.9 in the same month of the preceding year. The slower increase was recorded since October 2022. The increase in Malaysia’s inflation for January 2023 was driven by Restaurants & Hotels (6.8%), Food & Non-Alcoholic Beverages (6.7%) and Transportation (4.0%). This was followed by Furnishings, Household Equipment & Routine Household Maintenance (3.5%); Recreation Services & Culture (2.7%); Miscellaneous Goods & Services (2.3%); Health (1.6%); Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas & Other Fuels (1.5%) and  Education (1.3%).

All subgroups in Food & Non-Alcoholic Beverages recorded an increase between 0.7 to 9.1 per cent. The subgroup of Meat recorded an increase at 8.3 per cent as compared to January 2022. This was followed by Milk, cheese & eggs (7.0%); Rice, bread & other cereals (6.7%) and Fruits (4.4%). Sugar, jam, honey, chocolate & confectionery and Fish & seafood increased by 3.4 per cent and 3.2 per cent respectively. Meanwhile, Oils & fats subgroup moderated to 0.7 per cent.

On a monthly basis, inflation in January 2023 increased 0.2 per cent at the same rate as recorded in December 2022. Meanwhile, core inflation that measures changes in the prices of all goods and services, excluding volatile prices of fresh food as well as administered prices of goods by the government registered a slower increase to 3.9 per cent in January 2023 (December 2022: 4.1%).

In January 2023, five states recorded increases above the national inflation level of 3.7 per cent namely Wilayah Persekutuan Putrajaya (5.9%), Sarawak (4.3%), Selangor (4.2%), Johor (3.8%) and Pahang (3.8%). However, Kedah and Wilayah Persekutuan Labuan recorded the lowest increase of 2.2 per cent.

Malaysia recorded a lower inflation rate than some selected countries, namely the Philippines (8.7%), Euro Zone (8.5%), United States of America (6.4%), Indonesia (5.3%), Republic of Korea (5.2%) and Thailand (5.0%).

The full publication of the Consumer Price Index Malaysia, January 2023 can be downloaded from eStatistik portal.


Released by:

24 February 2023

Contact person:

Baharudin Mohamad 
Public Relation Officer
Strategic Communication and International Division
Department of Statistics, Malaysia
Tel : +603-8885 7942
Fax : +603-8888 9248
Email: baharudin[at]dosm.gov.my

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