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Almost 1/3 of CPI contributed by Food & Non-Alcohol Bev.
Consumer Price Index in 2017 rose by 3.7%

Consumer Price Index Malaysia November 2018

Release Date : Wednesday 19, December 2018 1200

 

SUMMARY OF FINDINGS

CPI increased 0.2 per cent in November 2018 to 121.0 compared to 120.8 in corresponding month of the preceding year. The increase in the overall index was due to higher price for Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas & Other Fuels (+2.0 per cent), Education (+1.4 per cent), Restaurants & Hotels (+1.2 per cent), Food & Non-Alcoholic Beverages (+1.1 per cent) and Alcoholic Beverages & Tobacco (+1.0 per cent). (Chart 1). 

On a monthly basis, CPI increased 0.2 per cent as compared to October 2018. CPI for the period January-November 2018 registered an increase of 1.0 per cent as compared to the same period last year.


Chart 1: Consumer Price Index (2010=100): Percentage Change by Main Groups, Malaysia, November 2018/November 2017

 

Index for Sub-Groups Food and Non-Alcoholic Beverages

The overall index for Food & Non-Alcoholic Beverages which accounted 29.5 per cent in the CPI weights increased 1.1 per cent in November 2018. This was attributed by the food sub-group index of Vegetables (+0.8 per cent), Fish & Seafood (+0.5 per cent) and Fruits (+0.2 per cent). Meanwhile, the index for sub-group Sugar, Jam, Honey, Chocolate & Confectionery decreased 2.3 per cent, followed by index for sub-groups Meat (-2.2 per cent) and Oils & Fats (-0.7 per cent).

The increase was due to the index of goods which rose in most states such as Spinach (+9.3 per cent), Crab (+6.7 per cent), Choy Sum (+6.1 per cent), Spanish Mackerel (Fish) (+3.1 per cent), Red Snapper (Fish) (+2.3 per cent), Dried Anchovy (+1.9 per cent), Round Cabbage (+1.6 per cent), Prawn (+1.3 per cent), Apple  (+0.8 per cent), Banana (+0.7 per cent) and Potatoes (+0.2 percent).

Meanwhile, the index for Food Away From Home increased 3.3 per cent in November 2018 as against November 2017. The rise in the price of Burger, Fried Chicken and Rice with Side Dishes contributed to the increase of the index of this sub-group.

Table 1: Consumer Price Index (2010=100): Annual Percentage Change by Sub-Groups Food & Non-Alcoholic Beverages, Malaysia, November 2018/November 2017

 

States Index

In terms of overall CPI, four states surpassed the national CPI rate of 0.2 per cent recorded in November 2018 as compared to November 2017. The states were Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur (+1.2 per cent), Negeri Sembilan (+0.6 per cent), Pulau Pinang (+0.6 per cent) and Johor (+0.3 per cent). Selangor & Wilayah Persekutuan Putrajaya recorded the same rate as the national CPI.

The increase in the index for Food & Non-Alcoholic Beverages was reflected in most states in Malaysia. Four states recorded higher increases for Food & Non-Alcoholic Beverages index above the national index level (+1.1 per cent) in November 2018 as compared to the corresponding month in 2017. The index for Food & Non-Alcoholic Beverages rose 4.8 per cent in Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur, followed by Negeri Sembilan (+1.5 per cent), Pulau Pinang (+1.3 per cent) and Selangor & Wilayah Persekutuan Putrajaya (+1.2 per cent). (Chart 2)


Chart 2: Consumer Price Index (2010=100): Annual Percentage Change for Food & Non-Alcoholic Beverages by State, November 2018/November 2017

 

Core Index

Core index increased 0.5 per cent in November 2018, as compared to the same month of the previous year. Among the major groups which influenced the higher core rate were price increases for Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas & Other Fuels (+2.3 per cent), Food & Non-Alcoholic Beverages (+1.5 per cent), Education (+1.4 per cent) and Restaurants & Hotels (+1.2 per cent). Core index, which excludes most volatile items of fresh food, as well as administered prices of goods and services recorded changes ranging from -0.2 per cent to 2.2 per cent for the period January to November 2018 as compared with the same period of the previous year. (Table 2)


Table 2: Consumer Price Index (2010=100): Percentage Change of Headline CPI, Seasonally Adjusted Index and Core Index by Main Groups, Malaysia, November 2018/November 2017

Annex 1: Average Price for Selected Items in Malaysia, November 2018 (RM) 


Released By:

DATO' SRI DR. MOHD UZIR MAHIDIN
CHIEF STATISTICIAN MALAYSIA

DEPARTMENT OF STATISTICS, MALAYSIA
 DrUzir_Mahidin      Dr_Uzir

 

19 December 2018
 

Contact person:

Ho Mei Kei
Public Relation Officer
Strategic Communication and International Division
Department of Statistics, Malaysia
Tel : +603-8885 7942
Fax : +603-8888 9248
Email : mkho[at]dosm.gov.my

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