SUMMARY OF FINDINGS
Consumer Price Index (CPI) stood at 1.5 per cent in June 2019 to 121.4 as against 119.6 in the same month of the preceding year. The abolishment of the Goods and Services Tax (GST) to zero-rated on 1st June 2018 led to the increase in some of the index of the main groups namely Furnishings, Household Equipment & Routine Household Maintenance (+3.1 per cent), Recreation Services & Culture (+2.7 per cent), Food & Non-Alcoholic Beverages (+2.3 per cent) and Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas & Other Fuels (+2.3 per cent). (Chart 1).
On a monthly basis, CPI remained unchanged as compared to May 2019. Meanwhile, CPI in the second quarter of 2019 increased 0.7 per cent to 121.3 as compared to 120.5 in the same quarter of the previous year. The increase was mainly contributed by the index of Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas & Other Fuels (+2.0 per cent), Food & Non-Alcoholic Beverages (+1.5 per cent), Alcoholic Beverages & Tobacco (+1.5 per cent) and Education (+1.3 per cent). On a quarterly basis, the CPI increased 0.4 per cent as compared to the first quarter of 2019.
Chart 1: Consumer Price Index (2010=100): Percentage Change by Main Groups, Malaysia, June 2019/June 2018
Index for Sub-Groups Food and Non-Alcoholic Beverages
The overall index for Food & Non-Alcoholic Beverages increased 2.3 per cent in June 2019. The increase was attributed by the food sub-group index of Vegetables (+5.2 per cent), Milk & Eggs (+2.5 per cent) and Fruits (+1.1 per cent).
Among the index of goods which recorded price increases in most states were Fresh Chilly Red (+40.5 per cent), Cucumbers (+37.7 per cent), Fresh Chilly Green (+22.7 per cent), Bird’s Eye Chillies (+22.3 per cent), Yoghurt (+13.9 per cent), Cockles (13.8 per cent) and Tomatoes (+12.6 per cent).
The index for Food Away From Home increased 4.2 per cent in June 2019 as against June 2018. The rise in the price of Burger, Fried Chicken, Pizza and Sea Food Other Than Fish contributed to the increase of the index of this sub-group. (Table 1)
Table 1: Consumer Price Index (2010=100): Annual Percentage Change by Sub-Groups Food & Non-Alcoholic Beverages, Malaysia, June 2019/June 2018
Consumer Price Index by States
Three states namely Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur (+2.2 per cent), Pulau Pinang (+2.2 per cent) and Selangor & Wilayah Persekutuan Putrajaya (+1.7 per cent) surpassed the national CPI rate of 1.5 per cent in June 2019 as compared to June 2018. Meanwhile, Perak and Johor showed the same rate of increase as the national CPI.
All states registered increase in the index of Food & Non-Alcoholic Beverages. The highest increases were recorded by Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur (+4.0 per cent), Pulau Pinang (+2.8 per cent), Perak (+2.7 per cent) and Selangor & Wilayah Persekutuan Putrajaya (+2.6 per cent) and the increase surpassed the national index of Food & Non-Alcoholic Beverages in June 2019. (Chart 2)
Chart 2: Consumer Price Index (2010=100): Annual Percentage Change for Food & Non-Alcoholic Beverages by State, June 2019/June 2018
Core index increased 1.9 per cent in Jun 2019 as compared to the same month of the previous year. Among the major groups which influenced the higher core rate were price increases of Furnishings, Household Equipment & Routine Household Maintenance (+3.1 per cent), Food & Non-Alcoholic Beverages (+2.3 per cent), Recreation Services & Culture (+2.7 per cent) and Communication (+2.1 per cent).
Core index excludes most volatile items of fresh food as well as administered prices of goods and services. (Table 2)
Table 2: Consumer Price Index (2010=100): Percentage Change of Headline CPI, Seasonally Adjusted Index and Core Index by Main Groups, Malaysia, June 2019/June 2018
DATO' SRI DR. MOHD UZIR MAHIDIN
CHIEF STATISTICIAN MALAYSIA
DEPARTMENT OF STATISTICS, MALAYSIA
24 July 2019
Rohaida binti Mohamad
Public Relation Officer
Strategic Communication and International Division
Department of Statistics, Malaysia
Tel : +603-8885 7942
Fax : +603-8888 9248
Email : rohaida.mohamad[at]dosm.gov.my