SUMMARY OF FINDINGS
Consumer Price Index (CPI) rose by 0.2 per cent in April 2019 to 121.1 as compared to 120.9 in the same month of the preceding year. The main groups that contributed to the increases were Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas & Other Fuels (+2.0 per cent), Alcoholic Beverages & Tobacco (+1.2 per cent), Education (+1.2 per cent), Food & Non-Alcoholic Beverages (+1.1 per cent) and Restaurants & Hotels (+0.8 per cent). (Chart 1).
On a monthly basis, CPI remains unchanged as compared to March 2019. Meanwhile, CPI for the period of January - April 2019 registered a decrease of 0.2 per cent as compared to the same period last year.
Chart 1: Consumer Price Index (2010=100): Percentage Change by Main Groups, Malaysia, April 2019/April 2018
Index for Sub-Groups Food and Non-Alcoholic Beverages
The overall index for Food & Non-Alcoholic Beverages increased 1.1 per cent in April 2019. The increase was attributed by the food sub-group index of Vegetables (+2.2 per cent), Milk & Eggs (+1.9 per cent), Fish & Seafood (+0.2 per cent) and Fruits (+0.1 per cent).
Among the index of goods which recorded price increases in most states were Eggs (+13.7 per cent), Cockles (+9.7 per cent), Round Cabbage (+5.4 per cent), Spanish Mackerel (Fish) (+3.2 per cent), Bananas (+3.2 per cent), Choy Sam (+3.0 per cent), Prawns (+1.8 per cent) and Apples (+1.6 per cent).
Meanwhile, the index for Food Away From Home increased 3.1 per cent in April 2019 as against April 2018. The rise in the price of Burger, Fried Chicken, Rice with Side Dishes and Food Made from Noodles contributed to the increase of the index of this sub-group. (Table 1)
Table 1: Consumer Price Index (2010=100): Annual Percentage Change by Sub-Groups Food & Non-Alcoholic Beverages, Malaysia, April 2019/April 2018
Consumer Price Index by States
Four states namely Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur (+0.7 per cent), Pulau Pinang (+0.7 per cent), Negeri Sembilan (+0.5 per cent) and Selangor & Wilayah Persekutuan Putrajaya (+0.4 per cent) surpassed the national CPI rate of 0.2 per cent in April 2019 as compared to April 2018. Meanwhile, Johor and Perak showed the same rate of increase as the national CPI.
The increase in the index of Food & Non-Alcoholic Beverages was reflected in most states in Malaysia. Wilayah Persekutuan Kuala Lumpur recorded the highest increases 3.6 per cent for Food & Non-Alcoholic Beverages index as compared to the corresponding month in 2018 and above the national index level in April 2019. (Chart 2)
Chart 2: Consumer Price Index (2010=100): Annual Percentage Change for Food & Non-Alcoholic Beverages by State, April 2019/April 2018
Core index increased 0.5 per cent in April 2019 as compared to the same month of the previous year. Among the major groups which influenced the higher core rate were price increases of Housing, Water, Electricity, Gas & Other Fuels (+2.3 per cent), Food & Non-Alcoholic Beverages (+1.6 per cent), Education (+1.2 per cent) and Restaurants & Hotels (+0.8 per cent).
Core index excludes most volatile items of fresh food as well as administered prices of goods and services. (Table 2)
Table 2: Consumer Price Index (2010=100): Percentage Change of Headline CPI, Seasonally Adjusted Index and Core Index by Main Groups, Malaysia, April 2019/April 2018
DATO' SRI DR. MOHD UZIR MAHIDIN
CHIEF STATISTICIAN MALAYSIA
DEPARTMENT OF STATISTICS, MALAYSIA
24 May 2019
Public Relation Officer
Strategic Communication and International Division
Department of Statistics, Malaysia
Tel : +603-8885 7187 / 7942
Fax : +603-8888 9248
Email : jpbkkp[at]dosm.gov.my