Malaysia’s economy experienced a commendable growth of 4.2 per cent in 2016 as compared to 5.0 per cent in the preceding year. The growth was led by Services, Manufacturing and Construction sectors. However, the decline in Agriculture and moderation in Mining & Quarrying sectors weighed down the overall performance in 2016.
GDP CONTRIBUTION BY STATE
Six states accounted for 70.6 per cent of the national economy in 2016. Selangor topped the list with a share of 22.7 per cent followed by WP Kuala Lumpur (15.3 per cent), Sarawak (9.8 per cent), Johor (9.4 per cent), Pulau Pinang (6.7 per cent) and Sabah (6.7 per cent) as depicted in Chart 1.
ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE BY STATE
Eight states outpaced the national growth (4.2 per cent) in 2016. WP Labuan registered 7.2 per cent followed by WP Kuala Lumpur (5.9 per cent), Johor (5.7 per cent), Pulau Pinang (5.6 per cent), Selangor (4.8 per cent), Kelantan (4.8 per cent), Sabah (4.7 per cent) and Melaka (4.5 per cent).
ECONOMIC STRUCTURE BY STATE
The economic structure varies for each state. The dominance of Services sector was observed in WP Kuala Lumpur (87.7 per cent), WP Labuan (76.2 per cent), Kelantan (66.4 per cent), Perlis (64.3 per cent), Perak (60.9 per cent), Selangor (60.1 per cent) and Kedah (54.5 per cent).
Equal importance of both Services and Manufacturing sectors could be seen in Pulau Pinang, Melaka, Negeri Sembilan, Terengganu and Johor as shown in Chart 2.
On the other hand, Agriculture sector holds a vital share in Kelantan (24.6 per cent), Pahang (23.4 per cent), Perlis (21.6 per cent) and Sabah (19.1 per cent).
PERFORMANCES BY SECTOR
Services sector was largely attributed by Selangor and WP Kuala Lumpur with a share of 25.2 per cent and 24.8 per cent respectively as illustrated in Chart 3. For most of the states, Wholesale and Retail Trade sub sector was the key driver to the Services sector with the exception of Terengganu, Perak, Perlis and WP Labuan which were led by Utilities and Financial activities.
Manufacturing sector was mainly contributed by Selangor with a share of 28.9 per cent followed by Pulau Pinang and Johor with 12.9 per cent and 12.6 per cent respectively as portrayed in Chart 4.
The Manufacturing sector in Malaysia attributed by Electrical & Electronics Products in Selangor, Pulau Pinang and Johor. Refined Petroleum and Chemicals & Chemical Products registered a firm growth as reflected in Sarawak, Terengganu and Pahang. Nevertheless, Motor Vehicles & Transport Equipment in Malaysia declined 3.6 per cent following the lower production of motor vehicles in Selangor, Perak and Kedah.
Agriculture sector in Malaysia was dominated by Sarawak, Sabah, Johor, Pahang and Perak as depicted in Chart 5. The contraction in the Agriculture sector was largely due to the impact of El Nino phenomenon on the oil palm sub-sector in these states.
Construction sector was led by WP Kuala Lumpur and Selangor as shown in Table 1. The performance of this sector was influenced by the expansion in the Residential Buildings and Civil Engineering sub-sectors.
GDP PER CAPITA
GDP Per Capita at national level rose from RM37,123 to RM38,887 as depicted in Table 2. GDP Per Capita of six states surpassed the national level, led by WP Kuala Lumpur (RM101,420) followed by WP Labuan (RM61,833), Pulau Pinang (RM47,322), Selangor (RM44,616), Sarawak (RM44,333) and Melaka (RM41,363).
THE OFFICE OF CHIEF STATISTICIAN MALAYSIA
DEPARTMENT OF STATISTICS, MALAYSIA
6 SEPTEMBER 2017
Ho Mei Kei
Public Relation Officer
Corporate and User Services Division
Department of Statistics, Malaysia
Tel : +603-8885 7942
Fax : +603-8888 9248
Email : mkho[at]stats.gov.my