Labour force participation rate 68.4%
The labour force participation rate in May 2018 increased by 0.2 percentage points to 68.4 per cent as compared to the previous month. Year-on-year showed that the labour force participation rate increased by 0.6 percentage points (May 2017: 67.8%).
The number of labour force in this month rose 2.6 per cent (April 2018: 2.5%) against May 2017 to 15.4 million persons. During the same period, employed persons increased 2.8 per cent after registering 2.6 per cent growth in the previous month.
Unemployment rate 3.3%
The unemployment rate in May 2018 remained at 3.3 per cent for four consecutive months. Unemployment rate fell by 0.1 percentage point as compared to 3.4 per cent in the same month of 2017. Number of unemployed persons recorded a total of 504.8 thousand persons, decreased 0.5 per cent (April 2018: -0.4%) against May 2017.
Unemployment rate (seasonally adjusted) in May 2018 remained 3.3 per cent as compared to the previous month.
The survey population cover persons who live in private living quarters and excludes persons residing in institutions such as hotels, hostels, hospitals, prisons, boarding houses and workers residing in construction work site.
The survey comprises of the economically active and inactive population. To measure the economically active population, the LFS uses the age limit of 15 to 64 years. The economically active population comprises of those employed and unemployed whereas those who are inactive is classified as outside the labour force.
LFS uses the actual status approach, where a person is classified on the basis of his labour force activity during the reference week.
All persons not classified as employed or unemployed as stated above are classified as outside labour force. Includes housewives, students (including those going for further studies), retired, disabled persons and those not interested in looking for a job.
The economic activity of a population depends on the demographic characteristics of that population. The proportion of economically active population, therefore, differs between sub-groups of that population. These variations are measured by specific activity rates termed as labour force participation rate. Labour force participation rate is defined as the ratio of the labour force to the working age population (15 to 64 years), expressed as percentage.
Population by characteristics of age group, ethnicity and state were used as benchmarks to produce labour statistics.
Starting with the monthly release of the Principal Statistics of Labour Force, Malaysia, January 2016, the principal statistics of labour is estimated based on the current population estimates as compared to the previous series which used population projections based on the Population and Housing Census of Malaysia, 2010. This rebase is to obtain statistics that is more consistent with current population structure.
Release in PDF.
DATO' SRI DR. MOHD UZIR MAHIDIN
CHIEF STATISTICIAN MALAYSIA
DEPARTMENT OF STATISTICS, MALAYSIA
16 July 2018
Ho Mei Kei
Public Relation Officer
Strategic Communication and International Division
Department of Statistics, Malaysia
Tel : +603-8885 7942
Fax : +603-8888 9248
Email : mkho[at]dosm.gov.my