The Salaries & Wages Survey Report presents the findings from the survey conducted by Department of Statistics Malaysia in 2014. The key statistics compiled are related to the monthly salaries & wages for paid employees from the principal occupation in the public and private sectors. The survey is carried out with probability sampling using household approach. It covers members of households who are citizens and non-citizens in urban and rural areas for all states in Malaysia. Paid employee is defined in this survey as a person who works for at least six hours a day or 20 days a month where information is obtained through personal interview method. The total number of paid employees in 2014 is 9.8 million persons.
The key indicators of monthly salaries & wages presented in this report are median and mean salaries & wages by sex, urban and rural strata, ethnic group, occupation, industry, educational attainment and state.
i. Median and mean monthly salaries & wages of employees
The median monthly salaries & wages received by paid employees increased to RM1,575 in 2014 compared with RM1,500 in 2013, recording the annual growth rate of 4.9 per cent. Meanwhile, the mean monthly salaries & wages increased by 8.4 per cent during the same period that is from RM2,052 to RM2,231.
ii. Monthly salaries & wages of employees by sex
In 2014, the median monthly salaries & wages of male employees was RM1,600 compared to female employees at RM1,500. In terms of the mean, male employees received monthly salaries & wages of RM2,280, slightly higher than female employees with RM2,148, with the gender wage gap of 5.8 per cent.
iii. Monthly salaries & wages of employees by strata
Urban area registered higher growth of median and mean salaries & wages compared to rural area for the period of 2013 to 2014. The median monthly salaries & wages of employees in the urban area was RM1,800 in 2014, with the growth of 6.9 per cent. Meanwhile, the median of salaries & wages for employees in the rural area rose at the annual rate of 5.6 per cent to RM1,100. The mean monthly salaries & wages of employees in both areas also increased during the same period, namely by 7.7 percent in urban area and 5.7 percent in rural area.
iv. Monthly salaries & wages of employees by ethnic group
Year on year comparison, the median monthly salaries & wages of Bumiputera employees increased by 7.5 per cent to RM1,725 in 2014. Indians experienced an increase of 6.5 per cent from RM1,500 to RM1,600. The median monthly salaries & wages for Chinese remained at RM2,000 for the same period.
In terms of the mean monthly salaries & wages, all ethnics recorded increases that are Bumiputera (8.1%), Chinese (9.0%) and Indians (9.7%).
v. Monthly salaries & wages of employees by educational attainment
In 2014, employees with tertiary education received monthly salaries & wages two times higher than that of employees with secondary education. The median monthly salaries & wages of employees with tertiary education was RM3,000 as compared to employees with secondary education with RM1,410. Meanwhile, the mean monthly salaries & wages of employees with tertiary education was RM3,686 in comparison to employees with secondary education that is RM1,713. Employees with primary education recorded the median salary & wages of RM950 and mean RM1,090. The category of employees with secondary education was the highest (54.9%) of the total paid employees.
The detailed information regarding this report can be accessed through eStatistik application in the website of Department of Statistics Malaysia at www.dosm.gov.my.
THE OFFICE OF CHIEF STATISTICIAN MALAYSIA
DEPARTMENT OF STATISTICS, MALAYSIA
30 June 2015
Norrita binti Amran
Public Relation Officer
Corporate and User Services Division
Department of Statistics, Malaysia
Tel : +603-8885 7942
Fax : +603-8888 9248
Email : [email protected]