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Compendium of Environment Statistics

The statistics in this Compendium of Environment Statistics (CES) is compiled based on Framework For The Development of Environment Statistics (FDES) 1984, United Nations. This framework was modified according to Malaysia’s situation known as Framework For The Development of Environment Statistics (FDES), Malaysia 1998. Compilation of data according to four environmental media classifications and the analyses are based on the Pressure-State-Response (PSR) model of the Framework for the Development of Environment Statistics (FDES) developed by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).

This compendium describes the environment according to the following media classifications: Air/Atmosphere, Water/Aquatic Environment (inland and marine), Land/Terrestrial Environment and Urban Environment/Human Settlements. Its layout adopts the following approach: each chapter outlines the background of the environment, followed by a description of the existing state. If then proceeds to show how human activities can put pressure on the environment leading to appropriate responses taken to minimize these stresses or impacts.

The statistics in the CES were obtained from secondary data, administrative records and derived statistics. Some of the socio-economic data that have been collected and kept in Department of Statistics Malaysia are directly or indirectly relevant to environment statistics. Apart from this, data were also sourced from the Department of Environment (DOE) and other Government agencies, particularly, members of the Inter-Agency Committee on Environment Statistics (IACES).

The publications can be accessed through the website of the Department of Statistics, Malaysia under the section : Home >> Publications >> Free Download.