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Malaysia

 
Location:

Located between 2 and 7 degrees north of the Equator, Peninsular Malaysia is separated from the states of Sabah and Sarawak by the South China Sea. To the north of Peninsular Malaysia is Thailand while its southern neighbour is Singapore. Sabah and Sarawak are bounded by Indonesia while Sarawak also shares a border with Brunei.

Malaysia @ a Glance
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Area (km2)* 330,345 330,621      
Population (million)          
  Total 31.63 32.02 32.38 32.58e  
  Male 16.35 16.54 16.72 16.83e  
  Female 15.29 15.48 15.66 15.75e  
Average Annual Population Growth Rate (%) 1.4 1.2 1.1 0.6e  
Birth and Death ( per 1,000 population )          
  Crude Birth Rate 16.1 15.9      
  Crude Death Rate 5.1 5.3      
Total Fertility Rate # 1.9 1.9      
Life expectancy at birth (years)          
  Male 72.1 72.1 72.3 72.2p 72.6e
  Female 77.0 77.1 77.2 77.3p 77.6e
Gross Domestic Product (GDP)          
  GDP at current prices (RM million) 1,249,698 1,371,648e 1,446,914p    
  GDP at constant 2015 prices (RM million) 1,229,312 1,299,897e 1,361,533p    
  GDP Growth (%) 4.4 5.7e 4.7p    
  GDP per capita at current prices (RM) 39,505 42,834e 44,679p    
Employment 2          
  Labour Force ('000) 14,667.8 14,980.1 15,280.3 15,581.6  
  Employed ('000) 14,163.7 14,476.8 14,776.0 15,073.4  
  Unemployment ('000) 504.1 503.3 504.3 508.2  
  Labour Force Participation Rates, LFPR (%)          
       Total 67.7 68.0 68.3 68.7  
       Male 80.2 80.1 80.4 80.8  
       Female 54.3 54.7 55.2 55.6  
  Unemployment Rate (%) 3.4 3.4 3.3 3.3  
Indices          
  Producer Price Index (2010=100)-Local Production 101.1 107.9      
  Consumer Price Index (2010=100) 115.2 119.5      
  Index of Industrial Production (2010=100) 126.3 131.9      
External Trade (RM million)          
  Imports   698,818.67        
  0. Foods 46,765.81        
  1. Beverages and Tobacco 4,534.13        
  2. Crude Materials, Inedible 24,881.87        
  3. Mineral Fuels, Lubricants, and Other 72,183.85        
  4. Oils & Animal and Vegetable fats 5,469.00        
  5. Materials Chemistry 73,570.85        
  6. Manufactured Goods (including tin) 87,921.67        
  7. Machinery and Transport Equipment 316,347.71        
  8. Miscellaneous Manufactured Articles 54,558.82        
  9. Miscellaneous Transactions and Commodities 12,584.96        
             
  Exports    786,964.16        
  0. Foods 30,218.00        
  1. Beverages and Tobacco 4,906.44        
  2. Crude Materials, Inedible 22,513.56        
  3. Mineral Fuels, Lubricants, and Other 111,163.18        
  4. Oils & Animal and Vegetable fats 50,637.09        
  5. Materials Chemistry 64,668.72        
  6. Manufactured Goods (including tin) 70,014.91        
  7. Machinery and Transport Equipment 338,784.59        
  8. Miscellaneous Manufactured Articles 89,029.45        
  9. Miscellaneous Transactions and Commodities 5,028.23        

Notes:

  1. 2015 - 2019: Population Estimates based on the adjusted Population and Housing Census of Malaysia 2010.
  2. Employment data in 2010 and 2011 has been revised based on the latest population estimates from the Census of Population and Housing 2010, which was adjusted for under-enumeration.
  3. # Total Fertility Rate: The rate per woman aged 15-49 years.
  4. p Preliminary.
  5. e Estimate.
  6. The added total may differ due to rounding.
  7. Group of classification for external trade product is based on the Standard International Trade Classification (SITC).
  8. ​* Source: Department of Survey and Mapping Malaysia

Updated: 14 November 2018