Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) is the 2030 core agenda in sustainable development which was agreed by world leader in 25 September 2015 at the United Nations Conference. SDG is continuity to development agenda after the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) end in 2015. MDGs consist of 8 Goals and 21 Targets. While SDG were expanded to 17 Goals and 169 Targets which continue the goals to achieve the 2030 agenda in stability in three dimensions of sustainable development namely social, economy and environment.
Malaysia's involvement in the development of the SDG at the international began in late 2014; with the involvement of Economic Planning Unit (EPU) in the negotiation process between United Nations country members (Inter-Governmental Meetings) held from January until July 2015 to finalize the Post 2015 Development Agenda (P2015DA). Discussions between United Nations country members were including the declarations of P2015DA, Sustainable Development Goals and Targets, Means of Implementation and follow-up & review.
The Involvement of Department of Statistics
In July 2015, the Department of Statistics, Malaysia was officially appointed as the focal point to coordinate the SDG data collection during Main Users Committee No.1/2015. The main role of focal point is to coordinate the compilation of SDG indicators from various line ministries/agencies.
In September 2015, the Department of Statistics, Malaysia was appointed as a member of the High Level Groups on Sustainable Development Goals (HLG-SDGs) meeting representative of Malaysia and the Asia Pacific region. The HLG-SDGs consist of 22 countries and was established to set the strategic direction in the development of SDG.
The Department actively participated in providing the proposed indicators to the Philippines; the representative of Inter-Agency Expert Groups on Sustainable Development Goals (IAEG-SDGs) for the Asia Pacific region. The IAEG-SDGs was established with the objective of developing indicators for SDG Goals dan Targets.