Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) is the 2030 core agenda in sustainable development which was agreed by world leaders in 25 September 2015 at the United Nations Conference. SDGs is continuity to development agenda after the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) end in 2015. MDGs consist of 8 Goals and 21 Targets. While SDGs were expanded to 17 Goals and 169 Targets which continue the goals to achieve the 2030 agenda in stability in three dimensions of sustainable development namely social, economy and environment.
Malaysia's involvement in the development of the SDGs at the international began in late 2014; with the involvement of Economic Planning Unit (EPU) in the negotiation process between United Nations country members (Inter-Governmental Meetings) held from January until July 2015 to finalize the Post 2015 Development Agenda (P2015DA). Discussions between United Nations country members were including the declarations of P2015DA, Sustainable Development Goals and Targets, Means of Implementation and follow-up & review.
The Involvement of Department of Statistics
In July 2015, Department of Statistics was officially appointed as a focal point to coordinate the SDGs data collection during Main Users Committee No.1/2015. The main role as a focal point is to coordinate the compilation of SDGs indicators from various line of Ministry/Department.
In September 2015, Department of Statistics was appointed by United Nations Statistics Division (UNSD) as a member in High Level Groups on Sustainable Development Goals (HLG-SDGs) meeting and also as a representative to Malaysia and Asia Pacific region. The HLG-SDGs consist of 22 countries and was established to set the strategic direction in the development of SDGs.
The Department actively participated in providing the proposed indicators to Philippines; a representative of Inter-Agency Expert Groups on Sustainable Development Goals (IAEG-SDGs) in Asia Pacific region. The IAEG-SDGs was established to develop the suitable indicators of SDGs to measure the achievement in every Goals dan Targets.