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Kedah

Kedah is located in the north of Peninsular Malaysia and bounded: 
i. Perlis and Thailand in the north; 
ii. Perak in the east and the south; and 
iii. Straits of Malacca in the west
 
Kedah @ a Glance
  2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Area (km2)* 9,447 9,492      
Population (million)          
  Total 2.12 2.14 2.16 2.18e  
  Male 1.08 1.09 1.10 1.11e  
  Female 1.04 1.06 1.07 1.07e  
Average Annual Population Growth Rate (%) 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.8e  
Birth and Death ( per 1,000 population )          
  Crude Birth Rate 17.0 17.1      
  Crude Death Rate 6.5 6.7      
Total Fertility Rate# 2.3 2.3      
Life expectancy at birth (years)          
Male 70.2 70.3 70.4 70.5p 70.7e
Female 75.9 76.0 76.2 76.4p 77.0e
Gross Domestic Product (GDP)          
  GDP at constant 2015 prices (RM million) 41,156 43,059e 44,806p    
  GDP per capita at current prices (RM) 19,835 20,960e 21,410p    
  GDP Growth (%) 4.1 4.6e 4.1p    
Employment 2          
  Labour Force ('000) 910.9 932.7 936.7 950.0  
  Employed ('000) 884.3 906.3 909.2 923.6  
  Unemployed ('000) 26.6 26.5 27.5 26.3  
  Labour Force Participation Rates, LFPR (%)          
       Total 64.2 64.7 63.5 63.3  
       Male 76.5 76.9 76.4 77.3  
       Female 51.4 52.1 50.1 48.6  
  Unemployment Rate (%) 2.9 2.8 2.9 2.8  

Notes:

  1. 2015 - 2019: Population Estimates based on the adjusted Population and Housing Census of Malaysia 2010.
  2. Employment data in 2010 and 2011 has been revised based on the latest population estimates from the Census of Population and Housing 2010, which was adjusted for under-enumeration.
  3. # Total Fertility Rate: The rate per woman aged 15-49 years.
  4. p Preliminary.
  5. e Estimate.
  6. The added total may differ due to rounding.
  7. * Source: Department of Survey and Mapping Malaysia