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Sunday, 22 October 2017|

Glossary A-Z

 
base period
Description

The period that provides the weights for an index is described as the base period.


Source : National Accounts
Source Detail : Gross Domestics Product (GDP)
basic price
Description

The Basic Price is the amount receivable by the producer from the purchaser for a unit of a good or service produced as output minus any tax payable, and plus any subsidy receivable, on that unit as a consequence of its production or sale; it excludes any transport charges invoiced separately by the producer.


Source : National Accounts
Source Detail : Gross Domestics Product (GDP)
biochemical oxygen demand (bod5)
Description

Dissolved oxygen required by organisms for the aerobic decomposition of organic matter present in water.  This measurement is usually taken over 5 days.


Source : Environment
Source Detail : Compendium of Enviroment Statistics
biodegradation
Description
Process by which organic substances are decomposed by micro-organisms (mainly aerobic bacteria) into simpler substances such as carbon dioxide, water and ammonia.
Source : Environment
Source Detail : Compendium of Enviroment Statistics
biological diversity
Description

Biological diversity means the variability among living organisms from various sources including terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems; this includes diversity at the genetic, species and ecosystem level. This difinition is adopted by the United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity.
 


Source : Environment
Source Detail : Compendium of Enviroment Statistics
biomass
Description
Total living weight (generally in dry weight) of all organisms in a particular area or habitat. It is sometimes expressed as weight per unit area of land or per unit volume of water.
Source : Environment
Source Detail : Compendium of Enviroment Statistics
biota
Description
Living component of an ecosystem or simply all living organisms that exist in an area.
Source : Environment
Source Detail : Compendium of Enviroment Statistics
brackishwater
Description

Water containing  salts at a concentration significantly lower than that of sea water. The concentration of total dissolved salts is usually in the range of 1,000 - 10,000 milligrams per litre (mg/l).


Source : Environment
Source Detail : Compendium of Enviroment Statistics
c.i.f. price
Description

The C.i.f. Price (i.e. cost, insurance and freight price) is the price of a good delivered at the frontier of the importing country, or the price of a service delivered to a resident before the payment of any import duties or other taxes on imports or trade and transport margins within the country.


Source : National Accounts
Source Detail : Gross Domestics Product (GDP)
cage culture system
Description

System of fish culture in an enclosure on whatever shape or size made of any screening material and attached to floating structures which are anchored to the sea-bed.
 


Source : Environment
Source Detail : Compendium of Environment Statistics