Taxes on products, excluding VAT, import and export taxes, consist of taxes on goods and services that become payable as a result of the production, sale, transfers, leasing or delivery of those goods or services, or as a result of their use for own consumption or own capital formation.
Taxes on specific services consist of all taxes assessed on the payment for specific services such as taxes on transportation, communications, insurance, advertising, hotels or lodging, restaurants, entertainment, gambling and lotteries, sporting events, etc.
Taxes on the use of fixed assets include taxes levied periodically on the use of vehicles, ships, aircraft or other machinery or equipment used by enterprises for purposes of production, whether such assets are owned or rented.
The export and import unit value indices can be used to measure the Malaysia's terms of trade. The terms of trade index is calculated based on the ratio of unit value index of exports to the unit value index of imports.
Table 5A, 5B and 5C provides a summary of changes in the terms of trade indices. The index is calculated as the ratio of the export unit value index to the import unit value index. It represents the cost of a given volume of imports in terms of exports. A rise in the terms of trade indicates a favourable movement and a fall, an adverse movement. An index value above or below 100 indicates the terms of trade are either more or less favourable than the 2010 base period
The Gini coefficient (G) is a measure of income concentration derived from the Lorenz Curve. The curve is obtained by plotting the cumulative per cent of households on the X axis against the cumulative per cent of the aggregate income received by these households on the Y axis. The value of the Gini coefficient ranges from 0 to 1 where 0 denotes complete equality of income share and 1 represents total inequality of income share.
The times at which goods and services are acquired are when the change of ownership occurs or the delivery of the services is completed.
Transactions between institutional units have to be recorded when claims and obligations arise, are transformed or are cancelled - that is, on an accrual basis.
Refer to deaths of toddlers aged 1-4 years.