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Glossary A-Z

 
erosion
Description

Wearing away and transport of the soil by wind or running water, glaciers or waves. Erosion occurs naturally but is often intensified by human land-clearing activities related to farming, residential or industrial development.


Source : Environment
Source Detail : Compendium of Enviroment Statistics
escherichia coli (E. coli)
Description

Bacilliform (rod shaped) bacterium living  in the intestinal tracts of humans and other warm-blooded animals. Its presence in water indicates faecal pollution. There is a maximum number of coliforms (coli number) above which water is no longer suitable for drinking or bathing.


Source : Environment
Source Detail : Compendium of Enviroment Statistics
establishment
Description

An establishment is an enterprise, or part of an enterprise, that is situated in a single location and in which only a single (non-ancillary) productive activity is carried out or in which the principal productive activity accounts for most of the value added.


Source : National Accounts
Source Detail : Gross Domestics Product (GDP)
establishment involved in exports
Description

Refers to manufacturing establishment who reported percentage of exports based on sales value.


Source : Manufacturing
Source Detail : Economic Census
estimation procedures
Description

The combined ratio estimated method (sample weight and population factor) was used to obtain the estimate of a specific characteristic in the survey population. Population factor uses mid-year population estimates by age group, sex, ethnic and state as benchmarks


Source : Social Indicators
Source Detail : Labour Force Survey Report
evapotranspiration
Description
Combined loss of water by evaporation from the soil or surface water and transpiration from plants and animals.
Source : Environment
Source Detail : Compendium of Enviroment Statistics
ex-mining culture system
Description

System of fish culture on any land in respect of which a mining lease or certificate were once but no longer granted or issued under any written law relating to mining.
 


Source : Environment
Source Detail : Compendium of Environment Statistics
ex-situ conservation
Description

To maintain species outside their original habitats in facilities such as zoological gardens, arboreta, botanical and herbs parks.
 


Source : Environment
Source Detail : Compendium of Enviroment Statistics
exception to coverage
Description

Population coverage excludes persons residing in institutions such as hotels, hostels,hospitals, prisons, boarding houses and military barracks.


Source : Social Indicators
Source Detail : Labour Force Survey Report
excise duties
Description

Excise duties consist of special taxes levied on specific kinds of goods, typically alcoholic beverages, tobacco and fuels; they may be imposed at any stage of production or distribution and are usually assessed by reference to the weight or strength or quantity of the product.


Source : National Accounts
Source Detail : Gross Domestics Product (GDP)