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Glossary A-Z

 
ecological balance
Description
Equilibrium between, and harmonious coexistence of, organisms and their environment.
Source : Environment
Source Detail : Compendium of Enviroment Statistics
ecological footprint
Description
Land (and water) area of the planet or particular area required for the support either of humankind`s current lifestyle or the consumption pattern of a particular population.  It is the inverse of the carrying capacity of a territory.
Source : Environment
Source Detail : Compendium of Enviroment Statistics
economic territory (of a country)
Description

The economic territory of a country consists of the geographic territory administered by a government within which persons, goods, and capital circulate freely.


Source : National Accounts
Source Detail : Gross Domestics Product (GDP)
economic territory (of an international organisation)
Description

The economic territory of an international organisation consists of the territorial enclave, or enclaves, over which it has jurisdiction; these consist of clearly demarcated areas of land or structures which the international organisation owns or rents and which it uses for the purposes for which the organisation was created by formal agreement with the country, or countries, in which the enclave or enclaves are physically located.


Source : National Accounts
Source Detail : Gross Domestics Product (GDP)
economically significant prices
Description

Prices are said to be economically significant when they have a significant influence on the amounts the producers are willing to supply and on the amounts purchasers wish to buy.


Source : National Accounts
Source Detail : Gross Domestics Product (GDP)
education
Description

(i) No formal education

Refers to persons who have never attended school in any of the educational institutions that provide formal education.

(ii) Primary

Refers to those whose highest level of education attained is from Standard 1 to 6 or equivalent.

(iii) Secondary

Refers to those whose highest level of education attained is from Form 1 to 5 (including remove class), General Certificate of Education (GCE) O Level or equivalent. This includes basic skill programmes in specific trades and technical skills institutions whereby the training period is at least six months, such as GIATMARA programmes.

(iv) Tertiary

Refers to those whose highest level of education is above Form 5.


Source : Labour Force and Social Statistics
Source Detail : Labour Force and Social Statistics
emission
Description

Discharge of pollutants into the atmosphere from stationary sources such as smokestacks, other vents, surface areas of commercial or industrial facilities and mobile sources for example, motor vehicles, locomotives and aircraft.


Source : Environment
Source Detail : Compendium of Enviroment Statistics Malaysia
employed
Description

All persons who, at any time during the reference week worked at least one hour for pay, profit or family gain (as an employer, employee, own-account worker or unpaid family worker).

They are also considered as employed if:

  • Did not work during the reference week because of illness, injury, disability, bad weather, leave, labour dispute and social or religous reasons but had a job, farm, enterprise or other family enterprise to return to.
  • Temporary laid-off with pay and would definitely be called back to work.
  • Employed less than 30 hours during the reference week because of the nature of their work or due to insufficient work and are able and willing to accept additional hours of work. This group is underemployed.

Source : Labour Force and Social Statistics
Source Detail : Labour Force Survey Report
endangered species
Description
Species in danger of extinction and whose survival  is unlikely  if causal factors continue operating. Included are species whose numbers have been drastically reduced to a critical level or whose habitats have been so drastically impaired that they are deemed to be in immediate danger of extinction. Also included are those that possibly are already extinct, in so far as they definitely have not been seen in the wild for the past 50 years.
Source : Environment
Source Detail : Compendium of Enviroment Statistics
endemic
Description

Native species in a particular place or area and not taken from elsewhere.


Source : Environment
Source Detail : Compendium of Enviroment Statistics