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Friday, 15 December 2017|

Glossary A-Z

 
deforestation
Description
Clearing of tree formations  and their replacement  by non-forest land uses.
Source : Environment
Source Detail : Compendium of Enviroment Statistics
desertification
Description
Land degradation in arid, semi-arid and dry sub-humid areas resulting from various factors, including climatic variations (drought) and human activities (overexploitation of drylands).
Source : Environment
Source Detail : Compendium of Enviroment Statistics
dialysis centres
Description

Refer to a healthcare facility that provides dialysis treatment, typically hemodialysis.


Source : Services
Source Detail : Economic Census - Health and Social Work Services
direct investment
Description

Direct investment is a category of international investment that reflects the objective of a resident entity in one economy obtaining a lasting interest in an enterprise resident in another economy. The lasting interest implies the existence of a long-term relationship between the direct investor and the enterprise and a significant degree of influence on the management of the enterprise. An ownership of at least 10 per cent of the voting power of the enterprise is evidence of such relationship. Direct investment covers all transactions between direct investors and direct investment enterprises within the Foreign Direct Investment Relationship (FDIR). Financial instruments covered under direct investment include equity, reinvestment of earnings and debt instruments (such as inter-company loans and advances, trade credits).

Under BPM6, direct investment is presented according to assets and liabilities basis. Asset refer to all investment abroad by both direct investors and direct investment enterprises in Malaysia, while liabilities refer to all investment in Malaysia by both direct investor and direct investment enterprises abroad.

Under BPM5. direct investment is presented according to directional principle basis. DIA is derived by netting off the assets of Malaysia's direct investor with its liabilities, while FDI is derived by netting off the liabilities of Malaysia's direct investment enterprises with its assets.
 


Source : External Sector
Source Detail : Quarterly Balance Of Payment
disposal of waste
Description
Waste elimination techniques comprising landfills, containment, underground disposal, dumping at sea and all other disposal methods.
Source : Environment
Source Detail : Compendium of Enviroment Statistics
dissolved oxygen (do)
Description

Amount of gaseous oxygen (O2) actually present in water expressed in terms either of its presence in the volume of water (milligrams of O2   per  litre) or of its  share in  saturated water (percentage).


Source : Environment
Source Detail : Compendium of Enviroment Statistics
domestic output
Description

Domestic output is output produced by resident enterprises.


Source : National Accounts
Source Detail : Gross Domestics Product (GDP)
double deflation
Description

Double deflation is a method whereby gross value added is measured at constant prices by subtracting intermediate consumption at constant prices from output at constant prices.


Source : National Accounts
Source Detail : Gross Domestics Product (GDP)
durable goods
Description

Durable goods are one which may be used repeatedly or continuously over a period of more than a year, assuming a normal or average rate of physical usage.


Source : National Accounts
Source Detail : Gross Domestics Product (GDP)
dysentery
Description

Dysentery is acute diarrhoea with visible blood in the stool. Dysentery is most   often  caused   by   Shigella   species   (bacillary   dysentery)   or Entamoeba histolytica (amoebic dysentery).
 


Source : Environment
Source Detail : Compendium of Environment Statistics