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Monday, 20 August 2018|

Glossary A-Z

 
Mdg Goal 6:Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Other Diseases
Description
Target 6.A: Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS
  • HIV prevalence among population aged 15-24 years
  • Condom use at last high-risk sex
  • Proportion of population aged 15-24 years with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS
  • Ratio of school attendance of orphans to school attendance of non-orphans aged 10-14 years

Target 6.B: Achieve, by 2010, universal access to treatment for HIV/AIDS for all those who need it
  • Proportion of population with advanced HIV infection with access to antiretroviral drugs

Target 6.C: Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases
  • Incidence and death rates associated with malaria
  • Proportion of children under 5 sleeping under insecticidetreated bed nets
  • Proportion of children under 5 with fever who are treated with appropriate anti-malarial drugs
  • Incidence, prevalence and death rates associated with tuberculosis
  • Proportion of tuberculosis cases detected and cured under directly observed treatment short course (DOTS)

Source : Labour Force and Social Statistics
Source Detail : Malaysia Millenium Development Goals Indicators
Mdg Goal 7: Ensure Enviromental Sustainability
Description
Target 7.A: Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes and reverse the loss of environmental resources

Target 7.B: Reduce biodiversity loss, achieving, by 2010, a significant reduction in the rate of loss
  • Proportion of land area covered by forest
  • Carbon Dioxide emissions, total, per capita and per $1 GDP (PPP)
  • Consumption of ozone-depleting substances
  • Proportion of fish stocks within safe biological limits
  • Proportion of total water resources used
  • Proportion of terrestrial and marine areas protected
  • Proportion of species threatened with extinction

Target 7.C: Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation
  • Proportion of population using an improved drinking water source
  • Proportion of population using an improved sanitation facility

Target 7.D: By 2020, to have achieved a significant improvement in the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers
  • Proportion of urban population living in slums

Source : Labour Force and Social Statistics
Source Detail : Malaysia Millenium Development Goals Indicators
Mdg Goal 8: Develop a Global Partnership for Development
Description
Target 8.A: Develop further an open, rule-based, predictable, nondiscriminatory trading and financial system

Includes a commitment to good governance, development andpoverty reduction – both nationally and internationally

Target 8.B: Address the special needs of the least developed countries

Includes: tariff and quota free access for the least developed countries exports; enhanced programme of debt relief for heavily indebted poor countries (HIPC) and cancellation of official bilateral debt; and more generous ODA for countries committed to poverty reduction

Some of the indicators listed below are monitored separately for the least developed countries (LDCs), Africa, landlocked developing countries and small island developing States.

Official development assistance (ODA)
  • Net ODA, total and to the least developed countries, as percentage of OECD/DAC donors gross national income
  • Proportion of total bilateral, sector-allocable ODA of OECD/DAC donors to basic social services (basic education, primary health care, nutrition, safe water and sanitation)
  • Proportion of bilateral official development assistance of OECD/DAC donors that is untied
  • ODA received in landlocked developing countries as a proportion of their gross national incomes
  • ODA received in small island developing States as a proportion of their gross national incomes

Target 8.C: Address the special needs of landlocked developing countries and small island developing States

Market access
  • Proportion of total developed country imports (by value and excluding arms) from developing countries and least developed countries, admitted free of duty
  • Average tariffs imposed by developed countries on agricultural products and textiles and clothing from developing countries
  • Agricultural support estimate for OECD countries as a percentage of their gross domestic product
  • Proportion of ODA provided to help build trade capacity

Target 8.D: Deal comprehensively with the debt problems of developing countries through national and international measures in order to make debt sustainable in the long term

Debt sustainability
  • Total number of countries that have reached their HIPC decision points and number that have reached their HIPC completion points (cumulative)
  • Debt relief committed under HIPC and MDRI Initiatives
  • Debt service as a percentage of exports of goods and services

Target 8.E: In cooperation with pharmaceutical companies, provide access to affordable essential drugs in developing countries
  • Proportion of population with access to affordable essential drugs on a sustainable basis

Target 8.F: In cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies, especially information and communications
  • Telephone lines per 100 population
  • Cellular subscribers per 100 population
  • Internet users per 100 population

Source : Labour Force and Social Statistics
Source Detail : Malaysia Millenium Development Goals Indicators
mean age at first live birth
Description

Refers to the average age of  mothers who deliver the first child.
 


Source : Population and Demography
Source Detail : Vital Statistics, Malaysia, 2017
mean age at first marriage
Description

The mean age at first marriage refers to the singulate mean age at marriage which is an indirect measure of the mean age at first marriage among those who would ever marry. It is derived from the proportions never married at different age groups.


Source : Population and Demography
Source Detail : Population & Housing Census of Malaysia, Population Distribution and Basis Demographic Characteristics
measurement of consumption expenditure
Description

Three common approaches were used to determine the consumption expenditure namely:
(i)  Acquisition approach

Value of purchasing during the acquisition of goods and services without taking into account whether they are fully used or no;or paid in full or not in the reference period. Acquisition was extended to include the estimated value of own production of non-durable  goods and services and those given or received as in kind.


(ii)  Consumption approach

This approach used at certain condition for durable items that having long period (example: car, other user vehicles and carpentry tools) and use utility such as water and electricity.


(iii) Payment approach

Payment that involve advance payment to obtain goods and services where the goods and services have yet received in the reference month (example: advance payment in purchasing car).
 


Source : Prices
Source Detail : Report On Household Expenditure Survey
median age
Description

The median age is the age that divides the distribution of the population into two, such that half the population is below this age and half is above it.


Source : Population and Demography
Source Detail : Population dan Housing Census, Population Distribution and Basis Demographic Characteristics
megadiversity
Description

The concept of megadiversity involves an estimate of the total number of all the organisms in an ecosystem and is represented by an area that comprises at least 60.0 per cent of the world’s known species.  A major part of diversity is endemism as this reflects the uniqueness of an area.
 


Source : Environment
Source Detail : Compendium of Environment Statistics
merchant wholesalers
Description

Merchant wholesalers are those who entitie to the goods they sell, such as wholesale merchants or jobbers, industrial distributors, exporters, importers, co-operative buying associations and petroleum bulk station/terminals. Assemblers, buyers and co-operative associations engaged in the marketing of farm products, scrap metal, waste and junk dealers and yards are included as well.
 


Source : Services
Source Detail : Census Of Distributive Trade
methods of collection
Description

The Labour Force Survey uses the personal interview method. During the survey period, trained interviewers will visit households in selected living quarters (LQs) to collect information on all household members including their demographic particulars. In terms of field operation, detailed information on labour force particulars is collected from all members of household aged 15 years and over.

Field checks are undertaken to identify and correct any errors or omissions at the time when the survey is conducted. In addition to this, selected households are interviewed again to check the quality of the field work.


Source : Labour Force and Social Statistics
Source Detail : Labour Force Survey Report